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10 Best Programming Languages for Mobile App Development

24 Jul 19  

Reading Time: 7 minutes

Thejas Udayan


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Humans have a tendency to lean on technology or products if they find them useful on a daily basis. Mobile apps are such a hot topic in this digital world as more people are looking to have a successful career in mobile app development.
It was revealed in a recent survey that people spent an average of 145 minutes on their smartphones. This is actually a pleasant news for mobile app developers since they can reach their target audience on the go.

Smartphones sales are expected to hit 5 billion by 2018, and there isn’t a better time to indulge yourself in the mobile app development industry by selecting the best coding language for apps. You should be equipped with the best tools to provide the customers with a working, useful and the best mobile app. Above all that, you should also have the support of the best programming language for the mobile apps compatible with the current technology. 
There are billions of smartphone users and there are mobile apps which works extensively for each platform. However, the dilemma is that which mobile development language is best for mobile apps out there. 
Another survey conducted by a group of researchers states that Android app development is going to rule the global smartphone market. 

statistics of app development

Today, we are living in a world where a mobile app for your business will work as an online store as per the needs of the customers.
In this article, we are going to shortlist some of the best mobile development platforms: like the best programming language for mobile apps to opt for. All these are dependent on what you expect to achieve.

1. Java

Java logo

Java has always been the undisputed leader of being the most prominent and highly employed mobile app coding language since its birth. Java is mainly utilized for developing desktop applications, back-end web frameworks and Android applications, which makes it the best mobile platform for developers. It utilizes JVM that works smoothly in every system. Organizations favour java since it is a versatile language and offers flexibility to engineers for quick and error-free mobile application development. Being the most established language, Java also has the backing of a huge community to help users whenever they face any technical glitch. 

projects per language statistics

 Java is highly useful in the development of :

  • Android apps
  • Server apps
  • Web apps
  • Big data technology
  • Scientific apps

2. JavaScript

JavaScript logo

JavaScript is so fundamental nowadays that it affirms the certificate of being a professional mobile application development veteran. In 2017, Stack Overflow declared JavaScript as the most prominent language among the current set of programming languages.JavaScript is a key factor to shape exceptionally intuitive and dynamic web structures like Facebook, Gmail, YouTube etc. 
Developers usually find it easy to develop mobile apps with JavaScript libraries and frameworks like Angular, Node, jQuery and React. Because of its adaptability and simple syntax, JavaScript is viewed as a user-friendly programming language. 
Key Features of JavaScript: 

  • Quick and effective. 
  • It is executed on the customer side, which implies it saves bandwidth by not utilizing the server. 
  • Highly useful for animation in dull sites. 

Also Read

10 Best programming languages for mobile app development

3. Python 

python logo

In recent years, Python has become a language employed by substantial users including enterprises and best business organizations. They were widely popular due to their ability to give better results, agility and user experience to the customers. GitHub along with many other portals have positioned Python in top 10 languages for mobile application development. What makes Python easy to understand is its unmistakable, natural and basic syntax that looks like English. Such features make Python the best choice for amateurs. 

computer language statistics in USA

Python is also compatible with new age technologies like AI, Machine Learning Big Data, Robotics etc. Its simplicity makes it the most user-centric language around the world.
Key features of Python: 

  • Support dynamic typing. 
  • Incredible community support. 
  • Object-Oriented Language. 

 4. PHP 

php logo

PHP designers are having a high time since PHP is an incredibly robust programming language. While developing a WordPress content management system. Facebook used PHP to develop the back-end system. Since PHP is a server-side programming language, it is utilized as a broadly useful programming language to make dynamic and intelligent web pages. App developers can embed it into the HTML code line or mesh it into a content management system and frameworks. PHP is also compatible with CLI (command-line-interface) and can be utilized for independent graphical applications. 

coding language statistics

Key features of PHP:  

  • Server compatibility
  • Open-source 
  • Simple database integration

Also Read

Yii Vs Zend Vs Laravel Vs Symphony

 5. Kotlin 

why you should prefer kotlin over java

As of late, Kotlin has made their way into the list of best 10 programming languages for mobile apps in 2018 on various Q&A portals. Kotlin was developed by JetBrains as a statically-composed programming language and is considered as an official language for Android mobile application development. Kotlin has exponentially become popular and relished the reputation of the sole Android application development language since their introduction to the development world. The main reason for their fame is credited to its interoperability, its capacity to run on JVM and its flexibility for front-end and back-end development. 

6. Swift

Swift language logo

Swift has turned out to be distinguished and robust language and is one among the best programming language for mobile apps around the world. Swift can be a great choice as a mobile application development language, particularly to build high-end, intense and intuitive applications for iOS and Mac OS. 
Swift can outperform Objective-C when considering a programming language that is developed by gathering to allow excellent iOS app development. In view of its expanding usage across devices like iPhone, iPad, and Mac, we can definitely say that Swift will flourish in future. 
Key features of Swift: 

  • It is open source. 
  • Easy to maintain. 
  • Needs less coding when contrasted with different dialects.

 7. HTML5 

html 5 logo

Like HTML help in webpage development, HTML5 can be used for web-based mobile application development. The latest update of HTML5 (Hypertext Markup Language of WWW consortium) has made a great deal of buzz as it highlights exceptional features like quick market deployment, multimedia support and multi-platform functionality for different gadgets and programs. Both Android and iOS developers can develop apps utilizing HTML5 since it provides incredible flexibility. 
Key features of HTML5:  

  • Mobile Supportive
  • Responsive on most devices 
  • Supports Drag and Drop functionality

Also Read

Benefits of angular js over react framework

 8. C#

c# statistics

C# is established on C and is viewed as a more elevated, object-oriented programming language. Created by Microsoft as a part of the .NET structure, C# is mostly utilized for building native applications for Microsoft platforms. Since it is originated from C, it has the same syntax to C++ and Java. The key advantage offered by C# is that designers can develop a single cross-platform application on Xamarin for both iOS and Android as opposed to composing two separate applications in Swift and Java. You can even utilize C# to create video games utilizing the intensity of the Unity engine. 
Key features of C#: 

  • Best suited for huge apps and projects
  • It is adaptable 
  • Access to .NET 

 9. Ruby 

ruby on rails logo

Like PHP, Ruby is another programming language designer’s use for web development and it shapes the basis of Ruby on Rails structure. With regards to online mobile application development, Ruby ends up being the friendliest programming language particularly for learners and has solid and liberal community support to help you when you face any issues. 
Ruby has clean syntax and is believed to be a savvy and reasonable language since it is widely employed. Ruby on Rails is utilized by Twitter, Bloomberg, Airbnb, and Shopify to have their online presence.
Key Features of Ruby: 

  • Allows dynamic typing. 
  • Strong community backing. 

 10. BuildFire.js 

buildfire logo

Like another programming language, BuildFire.js make use of JavaScript and BuildFire SDK which encourages mobile application developers to quickly assemble mobile applications with the backend of BuildFire. It has many modules which represent at least 70% of the regular business cases. So the main thing designers need to do is code for the particular functionalities that are required by the customer. 
The language is exceptionally versatile, simple to utilize and the utilization of this dialect can cut development time by 40%. Designers can also work on their existing framework using BuildFire.js which will help to build an app much easier.
Key Features of BuildFire.js: 

  • Compatible with existing frameworks.
  • Very Flexible.
  • Cut shorts development time by at 40%.

Closing Note:

It is fairly easy to list out the best programming language for mobile apps in 2018. However, it isn’t as easy to pick a particular language that suits best for all mobile app developers. The languages listed above will cope up even if there is a constant change in technology. Learning a language provides you the advantage of another language more quickly. You will realize the importance of learning more than one language in enhancing your perfection in the domain.

Mindster is a reputed mobile app development company specializing in developing innovative mobile apps. We provide out of the box solution such as Taxi dispatch software and On-demand Grocery solution. Contact our team for more information.

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